Category Archives: quantifiers

How much – How many




  • How many students are there in the classroom?
  • How many people are coming to the party?
  • How many books did you read last month?
  • How much money do you want?
  • How much sugar do we need?
  • How much time is there left?
  • How much time did it take to finish project?
  • How many young people die in car crashes?
  • How many man-made satellites are there now revolving around the Earth, do you know?
  • How much damage an earthquake can do?
  • How much flour is required?
  • How many people were killed in the accident?

Many and Much

Much / Many

Many is used with countable nouns and it means a lot of. It can be used with negative, positive and question sentences.

  • He has many books.

  • Can Mert speak many languages?

  • We didn’t see many children there.

  • Many dogs and cats exhibit strange behaviors before earthquakes.

  • Many animals on this planet are facing extinction.

  • It can take many years to master a foreign language.

Much is used with uncountable nouns and it means a lot of. It can be used with negative and question sentences.

  • She didn’t drink much milk today.

  • Do you have much work?

  • Did İlker have much money?

  • I’ve gained a lot of weight over the last year because I haven’t been doing much exercise.

  • Larry doesn’t have much experience.

  • They don’t have much time.

Much / Many
Much and many can be used as a pronoun.

  • Much has been said about the issue. (Much information)
  • Many have believed him. (many people)
  • Many are now suggesting that there may be some alternatives to animal testing.
  • Much will be said and written about this problem.
  • I don’t know much / many.

of can be used with many and much with determibers like (the, my, your, these, those) gibi belirleyici sözcükler kullanılmalıdır.

  • Many people = Many of the people
  • Many countries = Many of these countries (many of these / those , much of this / that)
  • Much sugar = Much of the sugar
  • Many books = Many of your books

Also they can be used with pronouns (you, us…) without determiners.

    Many of us Many of you Much of it

  • The fire destroyed much of the country’s wildlife.
  • Russia is a big country, but much of it is uninhabited.
  • The crowded urban environment is a source of stress for many of us.
  • Many of those who migrate to urban areas are people with low skill levels.
  • Many of our guest rooms overlook our garden.


Irregular Plural Nouns

Irregular Plural Nouns
Irregular plural nouns

man – men………… child – children …………mouse – mice………… tooth-teeth

woman – women …………ox – oxen………… die – dice …………foot – feet

Words ending with “o”

-s

auto – autos …………photo – photos …………zoo – zoos …………video – videos

kilo – kilos………… radio – radios …………piano – pianos …………tattoo – tatoos

-es

potato – potatoes …………tomato – tomatoes …………hero – heroes………… echo – echoes

both -es and -s

zero – zeroes/zeros …………volcano – volcanoes / volcanos

tornado – tornadoes / tornados …………mosquito – mosquitoes / mosquitos

Irregular Plural Nouns

-f and – fe ending words become –ves :

wife – wives………… knife- knives …………wolf – wolves …………thief – thieves

life – lives………… loaf – loaves………… leaf – leaves …………shelf – shelves

scarf – scarves

Some don’t change

roof – roofs cliff – cliffs belief – beliefs chief – chiefs

The words whose singular and plural forms are the same

deer fish means series sheep species

Latin Words

criterion – criteria ………… crisis – crises …………datum – data

phenomenon – phenomena………… thesis – theses …………medium – media

bacterium – bacteria …………oasis – oases………… curriculum – curricula

formula – formulas / formulae

index – indices / indexes

what is the singular form of what is the plural form of

Amount of – Deal of – Quantity of

Amount of – Deal of – Quantity of

They are used with uncountable nouns.

A large amount of – A small amount of

A large quantity of – A small quantity of

A good deal of – A great deal of

  • They are trying to bring in a large amount of cocaine.

  • I try to save a small amount of money every month.

  • Sally spends a good deal of her time at home.

  • He made a great deal of effort to help us.

  • Police found a large quantity of heroin in the car.

  • We bought a small quantity of vinegar.

A number of

A number of

A number of means a group of and can be used with great, large, small to emphasize the quantity.

.

  • A number of tourists have been abducted by a terrorists.

  • There were a number of important historical points in the textbook .

  • The scene was filmed from a number of different angles.

  • A great number of nations expressed opposition to Bush’s military action against Iraq.

  • A large number of university students were imprisoned.

  • A large number of letters have been sent to the customers.

  • A small number of people have a Ferrari car in Turkey.

  • A small number of children are educated at home.

A Great / Good Many

A great many / A good many
A Great / Good Many means many, a lot, and used with plural countable nouns.

  • A great many things have not been done yet.
  • The wind had brought down a good many trees.

  • It has caused the death of a great many pandas in the wild.

  • We have seen a great many changes in the last few decades.

  • There are a good many problems at work.

  • My father spent a good many years in Germany.

  • A good many books have been written about global warming.

Several

Several

Several means some, and used with plural countable nouns.

  • Several people have complained about the waiter.

  • There are several errors in your composition.

  • I lost the case for several reasons.

  • He bought several books about English grammar.

  • I’ve seen ‘Matrix’ several times.

When used with of, it must be used with determiners like (the, my, your, these, those)

  • Several of my friends are learning English in London.

  • Several of the cars were sold last week.

  • He lost several of his books.

  • Several of them died in the bomb attack.

  • Several of us cannot graduate next year.

Enough – (with a noun and an adjective)

Enough

Enough is used before nouns after adjectives. It can be used both countable and uncountable nouns.

  • I don’t have enough money. (before a noun)

  • She is tall enough to reach the ceiling. (after an adjective)

  • You aren’t old enough to get a drivers licence.(after an adjective)

  • There are enough chairs.(before a noun)

  • Many women are not getting enough protein in their diet.

  • The meeting was cancelled because there were no enough members.

  • We don’t have enough area here to play baseball.

  • The students don’t have enough time to finish it.

  • The vegetables died because they weren’t getting enough water.

Each – Every (example sentences)

The old woman embraced each of her grandchildren as they arrived.

The companies advertise on every television station to increase their sales.

Ritchie has every album ever recorded by the Beatles.

Take one pill with water after each meal.

A father must supply the needs of each of his children.

Each of my old school friends live in different cities.

Each of us generates about 4 kilos of garbage a day.

Every society has its own culture and lifestyle.

My grandfather visited my grandmother’s grave every day for 25 years.

The Eiffel Tower is painted approximately once every 7 years.

Investors each earn $30000 a month.

Each unit of the course book focuses on a different grammar point.

Each of us will talk about a different topic.

Every person’s genetic code is unique.

Each of the questions must be answered.

Each of us called the police.

Each of them has a different problem.

We have a meeting every two weeks.

Every teacher in this school knows a second language.

They call me every single day.

Each student must prepare a presentation.

They meet every day.

Each will write a poem about nature.

Every member of the club accepted the proposal.

Dad goes to hospital almost every week.

Every single child must have some vaccines.

My husband watches every football match on TV.